The IOC launched the Youth Olympic Games at the 119th IOC Session in Guatemala City in July 2007. The Games aim to bring together talented young athletes - age group 14 to 18 - from around the world in an event which balances sport, education and culture.
The International Olympic Committee's (IOC) stated vision for the Youth Olympic Games is:
"is to inspire young people around the world to participate in sport and adopt and live by the Olympic values"
Alongside the competition and sporting aspect of the Games, there will be educational programmes on the Olympic values, the benefits of sport for a healthy lifestyle, the social values sport can deliver and the dangers of doping and of training to excess and/or of inactivity.
The IOC's stated objectives for the Youth Olympic Games are:
1. to bring together the world's best young athletes and celebrate them
2. to offer a unique and powerful introduction to Olympism
3. to innovate in educating and debating Olympic values and challenges of society
4. to share and celebrate the cultures of the world in a festive atmosphere
5. to reach youth communities throughout the world to promote Olympic values
6. to raise sports awareness and participation among young people
7. to act as a platform for initiatives within the Olympic Movement
8. to be an event of the highest international sporting standard
Singapore were choosen as host city for the first Youth Olympic Games which featured all the sports on the programme for the 2012 Olympic Games, but with a more limited number of disciplines and events.
The first Summer Youth Olympic Games gathered approximately 3,200 athletes and 800 officials.
One hundred sailors competed in four sailing events. Ian Barrows (ISV) took gold in the one person dinghy boys (Byte CII); Lara Vadlau (AUT) was victorious in the one person dinghy girls (Byte CII); Mayan Rafic (ISR) came out on top in the windsurfing boys (Techno 293) and Siripon Kaewduang-Ngam picked up gold in the windsurfing girls (Techno 293).
Nanjing, China was chosen to host the second Summer Youth Olympic Games on 10 February 2010 at the 122nd IOC session in Vancouver, Cananda.
The slogan of the Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games is "Share the Games, Share our Dreams".
Nanjing 2014 aims to:
Boost self-understanding, active participation and creativity in young people both in the sports arena and in everyday life;
Promote understanding of other cultures, build up friendships, and help young people to appreciate responsibility in a mature way;
Advocate fair competition and respect for the rules;
Build awareness of a healthy lifestyle and protection of the environment;
Boost self-confidence of young people.
The Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games will encompass all 28 sports on the Olympic programme and will be held from August 16th to 28th.
One hundred sailors, aged 15-16 years, will compete in four sailing events: one person dinghy boys (Byte CII); one person dinghy girls (Byte CII); windsurfing boys (Techno 293); and windsurfing girls (Techno 293).
International Olympic Committee Website